In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a fertility treatment where eggs are removed from a
woman's ovaries and fertilized with sperm in a laboratory. This process is done outside of the body, hence the term "in vitro" (meaning "in glass").
The IVF process typically involves several steps. First, the woman is given
medication to stimulate the growth of multiple eggs in her ovaries. These eggs are then removed during a minor surgical procedure and placed in a dish with sperm from the male partner or a donor.
If fertilization occurs, the resulting embryos are monitored and allowed to develop for several days in the laboratory. One or more of these embryos are then transferred back into the woman uterus with the hope that they will implant and result in a pregnancy.
IVF is often recommended for couples who have been trying to conceive for a long time and have not been successful. It may also be used in cases where there are fertility issues such as blocked fallopian tubes, low sperm count, or unexplained infertility. IVF can be a complex and expensive process, but it has helped many couples achieve their dream of having a baby.